Language doesn’t stand still.

Every time you turn around, new words are sprouting like useful weeds. Old words are tumbling from the shadows of history. Contemporary words are, just, like, standing there, feeling left out.

Point being, there are a lot of words that aren’t commonly used, but that describe stuff you’d recognize—even stuff you might like to talk about. Here are our favorites.

1. Vibrassae

This plural noun describes a cat’s whiskers. A single whisker is a vibrissa.

image
Getty Images News / Rob Stothard

If cats could speak English, we’re pretty sure this is what they’d call their whiskers. Cats are really self-important.

2. Barm

It’s the foam on a popular fizzy beverage. Why do we get the sense that we’re playing Balderdash all the sudden?

3. Grawlix

This is the string of non-letter characters that publishers use in the place of profanity.

image
Getty Images Sport / Mike Ehrmann

If you just thought, “Holy %$&*! I never knew there was a word for that!” then you get it.

4. Aglet

Here’s a hint: Aglets traverse eyelets. Who was it that said, “It is easier for an aglet to get through the hole of an eyelet than for a rich man to pass into the Kingdom of Heaven without some sort of aglet-like hat?” Oh, that was us, and it is nonsense.

image
AFP / LEON NEAL

Anyway, you guessed it. Aglets are those little plastic sleeves that cap off your shoe laces to make them easier to thread. “Eyelets,” if you’re wondering, are the little round holes that you thread shoelaces through.

5. Petrichor

If you could bottle the smell of the air after the spring’s first warm rain, you’d make a fortune (we’re looking at you, Demeter Fragrance Library!) Even better, you wouldn’t have to pay your marketing department to come up with a fancy name. Just call it “Petrichor.”

image
Getty Images News / Matt Cardy

This word describes that smell. We know, we know; it sounds like the name of a Tolkien villain. But there’s nothing villainous about petrichor, unless you need the rain and it has just departed for who knows how long? Oops, there go the warm-and-fuzzies.

6. Columella

This is an anatomical term referring to that bit of skin that separates your two nostrils (or any two nostrils, really).

image
The Fashion Tag

Don’t confuse it with a septum; the nasal septum is the wall of tissue between nostrils itself. The columella is just the skin at the bottom.

7. Purlicue

That’s not a typo. We assume you already know what a curlicue is. Anyway, replace that “c” with a “p,” and you’re describing the empty space between your outstretched thumb and forefinger.

8. Paresthesia

This sounds like a serious medical condition, but you’ve probably suffered from it yourself. It’s just the fancy way to say that your foot is asleep.

9. Drupelets

If you like raspberries, you’ll love drupelets. This word refers to the individual bits that make up a fruit made of individual bits.

image
AFP / TOBIAS SCHWARZ

You know how raspberries are little clusters of juice-filled spheres surrounding seeds that are bound to get caught between your teeth? Each of those little spheres is its own drupelet.

10. Wamble

This is how Chaucer would have told his pilgrim buddies that his stomach was rumbling. When your belly growls, it’s wambling.

image
British Library/The Art Archive

Wamble comes from the Middle English, but pedants like us still use it today.

11. Dysania

Meet the word that wins our personal award for “most useful.” Dysania describes the state of difficulty getting out of bed after an interval of sleeping. We admit it: We experience dysania daily.

12. Ferrule

Some people get really excited about pencils. They collect them, they sharpen them, and sometimes they even write with them. If you’re one of those people, you already know what a ferrule is.

image
Kaboompics

It’s the metal band that connects the eraser to the pencil’s wooden shaft. So now you can warn your kids not to chew on their ferrules. They could break a tooth.

13. Vagitus

This is wholesome. We swear it.

image
AFP / ADEK BERRY

The vagitus is simply and adorably the cry of a newborn baby. (Do not ask us about the etymology; we’re scared to research it at work.)

14. Griffonage

It isn’t the latest sword-and-sorcery video game from your favorite design studio, but we can forgive you for thinking that.

image
Write Choice

Nope, griffonage is a word that’s decidedly of our own time, place, and reality. It’s a noun that describes scrawled, illegible handwriting.

15. Pips

Cute, huh? The word “pip” actually has a lot of different definitions. It might refer to a tiny fruit seed. It might also describe a segment of a pineapple’s skin.

But since we’re sort of on the subject of games, pips are also the little dots on dice and dominoes. If you’re more of a table tennis fan, those tiny little bumps that cover one side of your ping pong paddle are also called pips.

16. Glabella

Anatomy is full of amazing words. In fact, why isn’t there a poet who only writes about the human intestines? Jejunum, duodenum, ileum: The assonance is rich (and we are studiously avoiding a pun right here).

image
Unsplash

Oh, but the glabella has nothing to do with any of that. It’s just the space between your eyebrows, assuming you have a space between your eyebrows. If not, that’s okay. Unibrows are in, or at least on their way back. We hope.

17. Ulage

Every rose has its thorn. Every night has its dawn. Every cowboy sings a sad, sad song, and every bottle of soda has its ulage.

image
Getty Images News / Justin Sullivan

This fun-to-say word refers to the empty space between the top of a bottle and the liquid inside. It really is fun to say. Go ahead. Try it.

18. Peen

Think about this one for a moment. What’s a “ball-peen hammer?” It’s a hammer with a flat side and a semi-spherical side.

From that you can deduce that a peen is nothing more than the opposite side of a hammer’s business end. If you deduced that, you are right, because that’s exactly what a peen is. For the rest of you, gross.

19. Tittle

Phew, this list is not for 13-year-olds. A tittle is the little dot that you use above the horizontal line of the letter “i.”

image

Look, we just used a tittle. So should we say that we titillated that letter? We should not.

20. Natiform

Okay, you really can giggle at this one. Nature has seen fit to provide us with enough objects that kind of look like butts for us to require a word that describes just that state. Hence, natiform.

21. Rhinotillexomania

This is a condition you develop, at least a bit, when you think no one is looking at you in your car.

image
iStock

It’s the scientific term for compulsive nose-picking. Stop that.

22. Phosphenes

You know when you close your eyes and rub them how little fireworks go off? That’s not just you! It happens to everyone, and those little points of light are called phosphenes.

23. Punt

It’s not just a football word.

Glass bottles that have a little indentation at the base also have punts. In fact, those indentations are called punts.

24. Minimus

You don’t want to stub your minimus. It’s your little toe or your little finger.

image
Getty Images Sport / Mychal Watts

Somehow, “maximus” does not mean pointer finger or big toe, which just seems like a failure of consistency on the part of language. Who do we talk to about failures of consistency on the part of language?

25. Biblioklept

Some bibliophiles get so obsessed with books that they become biblioklepts.

image
Getty Images News / Peter Macdiarmid

The word refers to people who compulsively steal books. Librarians are not fond of biblioklepts.

26. Armscye

Wow, we are so deep into Dungeons and Dragons territory it’s nuts. Except that we aren’t.

Your closet is full of armscyes. The word just refers to the shape of a garment’s armholes.

27. Lemniscate

It is very possible that you have a tattoo of a lemniscate somewhere on your body.

image
Jessy Rone/Flickr

You might know the lemniscate as the “infinity symbol.” Mathematicians know it as the polar equation r 2 = a 2 cos(2 θ ).

28. Defenestration

To all the Drama Club kids out there: We know you already know what defenestration is, and that you use the word and its cognates with tremendous glee.

This is for people who don’t know that there’s a word that describes the act of throwing someone or something out of a window. Oops, we just gave away the definition. So defenestrate us already.